The old town core also has dozens of small mosques, often without any particular sign to distinguish them as such. The music scene in Baku can be traced back to ancient times and villages of Baku, generally revered as the fountainhead of meykhana and mugham in the Azerbaijan. Baku also has a thriving International Center of Mugham , which is located in Baku Boulevard , Gulustan Palace and Buta Palace , one of the principal performing arts centers and music venues in the city.
Baku is also featured in the video game Battlefield 4. Baku boasts a vibrant nightlife. Many clubs that are open until dawn can be found throughout the city. Clubs with an eastern flavor provide special treats from the cuisine of Azerbaijan along with local music. Western-style clubs target younger, more energetic crowds. Baku is home to restaurants catering to every cuisine and occasion.
Restaurants range from luxurious and expensive to ordinary and affordable. In the Lonely Planet " Ultimate Experiences", Baku placed 8th among the top 10 party cities in the world. Baku has large sections of greenery either preserved by the National Government or designated as green zones. The city, however, continues to lack a green belt development as economic activity pours into the capital, resulting in massive housing projects along the suburbs.
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Baku Boulevard is a pedestrian promenade that runs parallel to Baku's seafront. The boulevard contains an amusement park, yacht club , musical fountain , statues and monuments. The park is popular with dog-walkers and joggers, and is convenient for tourists. It is adjacent to the newly built International Center of Mugham and the musical fountain. The Martyrs' Lane , formerly the Kirov Park, is dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives during the Nagorno-Karabakh War and also to the people killed on Black January. The first was the European Grand Prix. Since , Baku has hosted 36 major sporting events and selected to host the European Games.
Baku is also one of world's leading chess centres, having produced famous grandmasters like Teimour Radjabov , Vugar Gashimov , Garry Kasparov , Shahriyar Mammadyarov and Rauf Mammadov , as well as the arbiter Faik Hasanov. Baku made a bid to host the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics ,  but failed to become a Candidate City both times. The largest sport hub in the city is Baku Olympic Stadium with 68, seating capacity whose construction was completed in The city's second largest stadium, Tofiq Bahramov Stadium hosts a number of domestic and international competitions and was the main sport centre of the city for a long period until the construction of Baku Olympic Stadium.
Throughout history the transport system of Baku used the now-defunct horsecars , trams and narrow gauge railways. As of [update] , 1, black cabs are ordered by Baku Taxi Company, and as part of a programme originally announced by the Transport Ministry of Azerbaijan, there is a plan to introduce London cabs into Baku. Local rail transport includes the Baku Funicular and the Baku Metro , a rapid-transit system notable for its art, murals, mosaics and ornate chandeliers.
Baku Metro was opened in November and includes 3 lines and 25 stations at present; million people used Baku Metro over the past five years. These will serve the new bus complex as well as the international airport.
BakuCard is a single Smart Card for payment on all types of city transport. The intercity buses and metro use this type of card-based fare-payment system. Baku's Central Railway Station is the terminus for national and international rail links to the city. The Kars—Tbilisi—Baku railway , which directly connects Turkey , Georgia and Azerbaijan , began to be constructed in and opened in Sea transport is vital for Baku, as the city is practically surrounded by the Caspian Sea to the east.
Baku Port was founded in and since then has been the largest Caspian Sea port. It has six facilities: the main cargo terminal, the container terminal, the ferry terminal, the oil terminal, the passenger terminal and the port fleet terminal. The port's throughput capacity reaches 15 million tons of liquid bulk and up to 10 million tons of dry cargoes.
The construction will take place in three stages and will be completed by The motorway network around Baku is well developed and is constantly being extended. The new Baku Cargo Terminal was officially opened in March It was constructed to be a major cargo hub in the CIS countries and is actually now one of the biggest and most technically advanced in the region. Baku hosts many universities, junior colleges and vocational schools.
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Baku State University , the first established university in Azerbaijan was opened in by the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. After when Azerbaijan gained independence from the Soviet Union, the fall of communism led to the development of a number of private institutions, including Qafqaz University and Khazar University which are currently considered the most prestigious academic institutions.
Apart from the private universities, the government established the Academy of Public Administration , the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy and various military academies. Publicly run kindergartens and elementary schools years 1 through 11 are operated by local wards or municipal offices. The Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences , the main state research organization in Azerbaijan is locating in Baku as well. Moreover, Baku has numerous libraries, many of which contain vast collections of historic documents from the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Soviet periods, as well as from other civilisations of the past.
The city has many public and private hospitals, clinics and laboratories within its bounds and numerous medical research centers. Because of its intermittent periods of great prosperity as well as being the largest city in the Caucasus and one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse in the Soviet Union, Baku prides itself on having produced a disproportionate number of notable figures in the sciences, arts and other fields. Some of the houses they resided in display commemorative plaques. World-famous cellist Mstislav Rostropovich was born and raised in Baku, as was world-famous chess player, Garry Kasparov.
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Lotfi A. Zadeh , artificial intelligence researcher, founder of fuzzy mathematics , fuzzy set theory, and fuzzy logic. Kerim Kerimov , one of the founders of the Soviet space program.
Garry Kasparov , chess grandmaster , former World Chess Champion. Mikayil Mushfig , Bakuvian poet and victim of the Stalinist purges. Tofiq Bahramov as a Soviet footballer and football referee from Azerbaijan.
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Mstislav Rostropovich , Grammy Award -winning cellist. Baku is twinned with:   [in chronological order]. Old Baku " Icheri Sheher ". Baku Opera and Ballet Theatre. Ismailiyya building. Fountain and Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall.
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View of Baku taken from the International Space Station. Sites on the Tentative List. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Baku disambiguation. Capital city in Azerbaijan. Coat of arms. City of Winds. Main articles: History of Baku and Timeline of Baku. See also: Shirvanshah. Main article: Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan. Main article: Economy of Baku.
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Azersu Tower. Villa Petrolea. Main article: Architecture in Baku. See also: List of universities in Baku.