This attitude, which isolates the first person in both the processes of production and reception, was in line with Nauman's later mistrust of any kind of audience participation. Perhaps this is left over from my sculpture days, but the autonomy of the work itself is still something that I'm very aware of, at least in terms of keeping theatricality at bay. These artists are concerned with a bodily presence in time, but it is a presence each viewer must feel for him or herself. Theater simply needs an audience. If that which remains is precisely what distinguishes art, as Jochen Gerz once suggested, then it was a logical step to artistically design the way processes are exhibited.
Bruce Nauman's performances, produced alone in the studio with a video camera, were therefore first perceived as a performative act when viewed by visitors to an installation. In contrast to the event character of many public happenings and actions, Bruce Nauman was.
In this case, however, intimacy and psychology were not criteria associated with introspection. On the contrary, other artists took up an artificial and theatrical posing that complementarily reflected Warhol or Nauman's opposition to a return to naturalness and subjectivity. By the late s, however, more and more artists were becoming interested in delivering such an analysis. In terms of media theory, then, the question must run: Which constitutive media element is characteristic of reality, or is it a matter of.
It is helpful when considering this issue to look back to the time before Reality TV with all its theoretical implications and examine the hybrid relationship between reality and mediatedness in early body-oriented productions of media and action artists. Performance artists therefore saw themselves as impelled to produce more violent actions—see the works of Gina Pane, Mike Parr or, later, of the Autoperforation artists in what was then East Germany.
Transformations of, and inscriptions on, the body should not however be understood as a purely visual act. Thus, the body becomes the medium of codes legible in various ways—economically, socially, sexually.
Shop with confidence
Peggy Phelan drew the following theoretical conclusion: Performance does not admit symbolic representation but is a representation of reality; not, however, as a fundamental antithesis to the mediated, since the latter always contains the real. For artists like Martha Rosler , Ulrike Rosenbach , Valie Export and Joan Jonas ,  the new medium of video, as yet unfettered by the constraints of tradition, immediately became an important means of exposing the mechanisms by which female identity was constructed and assigned.
She was supported in her endeavors by E. The work of Carolee Schneemann did not translate the necessary and radical critique of images of traditional femininity into desexualized processes, and that lent her performances a very sensual and playful aspect. Carolee Schneeman knew how to play with the status of the image, but like most people she drew a clear distinction between art and life. The French performance artist Orlan has been the most radical in siting her personal artistic identity in the relationship between internal image and external perception and ascription.
While many artists went one step further and symbolically exposed the body to potential public interference, aggression and violation, a small number even made this part of a real participatorial event. From the contemporary media-society perspective, however, the consistency of Ono's reflection of mediated conditions later also as a reaction to her husband John Lennon's popularity with the mass media has even more impact than the later actions that directly deployed the body.
As Reality TV—an unknown woman was genuinely stalked by a camera—. The longer one watches the broadcast, the more unbearable the voyeuristic viewing of the obsessive, dialogical relationship between reality and its media recording becomes. The raw material of the artist, the intervention in his own body, ultimately remains the production of an image to capitalize in the art market.
Due to the lack of occurrences, however, the act of exhibition and that of voyeuristic watching become ever more incidental in the course of the performance. The border between naked and clothed persons, between performers and viewers, becomes blurred. What remains is a situation not unlike the noise of a television running in the background: We occasionally glance at the screen to see what's showing, then return to our everyday activities.
In an exhibition situation, we simply pick up the threads of a conversation we were having.
- Manual Jonas oder Der Künstler bei der Arbeit: Gesammelte Erzählungen (German Edition)?
- Jonas oder der Künstler bei der Arbeit..
- Drago #4 (Drago Mysteries Series);
- Conference Matter for Religious.
- Translation of «Kuddelmuddel» into 25 languages!
- C. S. Peirce et le pragmatisme (Philosophie de la connaissance) (French Edition).
Interestingly, Vanessa Beecroft repeats her performances on a different day exclusively for the purposes of electronic documentation: As if the audience were not part of the performance but only a performance framework that has to be allowed for. Although Vanessa Beecroft works with real bodies, the ultimate goal is the body image. If the reality of the body was investigated with the use of media, it was often also advanced as an argument against them.
- Commercial Driving License: Commercial Driving License Test?
- e-book Jonas oder Der Künstler bei der Arbeit: Gesammelte Erzählungen (German Edition);
- Cantiques du désert (Poètes des cinq continents) (French Edition)?
Body art was on the one hand an extreme example of the clinging to the precarious subjectivity and physical essentialism of the ego. Orlan's operations, on the other hand, testify to the cultural determination of every physical formation, in the truest sense of the word. It begins to become clear that the polarity posited at the beginning of this essay—between, at one end of the spectrum, using or counteracting media in order to demonstrate the presence and materiality of the body and, at the other extreme, exploring the immaterialities and potentialities implicit in the gradual disappearance of the real body due to the media—had its roots in the s.
In that decade, the foundation for the virtualization of the body had been laid in both conceptual and technological terms. One of the earliest performances to substitute an electronic screen for the human body was delivered in the framework of expanded cinema and its practice ofconsciousnessraising.
Thus, their heartbeats and brain waves were instantly revealed. Although artists were not always able to keep pace with technological progress, they succeeded—with the aid of sensors, interfaces and, in the final consequence, implants — in deploying apparently non-manipulable body processes as real-time imaging techniques in performative and participatorial closed-circuit installations. By the s at the latest, advances in the field of bio-engineering sparked an increased interest in the linkage of humans and computers as hybrid beings, as opposed to revealing subconscious or unconscious mentalprocesses.
The difference was that artists now confronted their inner life in the form of a large-scale visualized abstract fabric. The experience of hybrid space as a complex and immersive data realm was no longer confined to laboratory conditions in an academic framework. Yet, this linkage with the machine is never free from anxiety or the structures of domination. Similarly, as feminist practice became more theorized, the blind spot of all technological debates became increasingly clear: The subject—artists and participants alike—is a construct shaped by social and historical aspects.
No matter how radical a happening or, subsequently, a performance. Under these premises, even the apparently spectacular and voyeuristic performances of Vanessa Beecroft become complexly coded anti-spectacles. Vanessa Beecroft demonstrates how the serial aspect of our identity construction nevertheless produces subtle, coded differences.
Yet her artistic concept is comparable with the one-way communication of television—which is, of course, her main target. Ineither case, one sender informs many receivers. The body becomes a syntopic location or, put differently: One's own body becomes, also in telematic terms, the other's field of action. While the venues of his performances are real, physical, visible spaces, the unity of the human body no longer applies. Using mechanical extensions, Stelarc expands his body and, over a global network of synapses, his nervous system, too: He becomes the agent for the actions of others. Mind for me is smell, sight—all these things generate this notion of a mind in the world.
It's not a mind that should be talked of separately from the body. We're superimposing old metaphysical yearnings onto new technologies. We have this transcendental urge to escape the body, and we've superimposed this on technology. The deployment of new modular software for real-time telematic. The symbiosis of human being and data implant has long since started to leave the realms of science fiction and become reality. My opening question about the reality of the body cannot be distinguished from the body's own mediatedness, be this in the biological sense—as a being that has possibly already been genetically manipulated and was therefore prefabricated on the basis of an imaginary model—or with respect to the external manipulation already possible and demonstrated all too clearly by artificial figures like Michael Jackson, or in regard to the body's performative aspect as an agent coupled to binary codes.
Contemporary advertising slang, calculated usage, market research, finding selling words — Rhetoric matters! But how are these words surrounding us just leave us empty? Mais dans son genre. Die Zumutung Video, Projektion, Loop. Aber in seiner Art. Die Art von Seite, auf der heutzutage geschrieben wird, weder weiss noch ein-, zwei- oder dreidimensional. The same can be said of art.
WikiZero - Max Frisch
It is a kind of inner current in a human being, or something which needs no definition. On every working day of the exhibition, the 3D printer moves repetitively back and forth and prints material according to a predesigned code installed by the artist, as it melts a synthetic wire to a fine thread which after escaping from the nozzle cools down to room temperature and solidifies.
He scanned a handwritten to-do-list. The image of this sheet, vectorized and encoded, after being printed out turns into both the paper and the imprinted writing, into lines of unconscious machinic scribbles which are a tabula rasa in which no text will ever be imprinted, but one can say that it becomes a growing text, or texture, by itself. Two of the three dimensions were taken away by the artist from a the 3D printer, assembled from commercially available components piece by piece by the artist as a Do-It-Yourself engineered small machine.
The printing machine constructs a mere projection of an object onto a line, which again unfolds in the space, the uncanny and non-sense, or simply junk, of the growing waste of synthetic constructivism. Since the foundation or floor of the 3D printer was left out in the assemblage, the threads fall on the floor, constructing a drawing across the space or rather growing an n-dimensional object of multi-layered, tiny one-dimensional lines. Since then, this sentence has been connected to her political position and future.
The work transforms this sentence into a picture and rephrases it to a singular person. Each letter is light-written into the air, graffiti-like, onto a single negative.
The collected money goes to help people on the move. Das gesammelte Geld kommt Menschen auf der Flucht zugute. April und letzten Oktober Arbeitstag beim Kantonalen Personalamt Bern. Der Bindestrich ist weiss. Fritz Keller. The hyphen is white. The background is the mixed color from all colors used to date by On Kawara in the Today Series. The two short phrases of text apparently coincide, yet we would be mistaken to assume that they are copies of each other. As the flags unfold they reveal what was hidden inside the space, a hand written phrase by a friend — the ideal book.
They confront the viewer with the impossibility to distinguish them, to remain indifferent to their sameness and ambiguous meaninglessness.
And then suddenly it seems almost true that the printed text on one of the flags is a bit diminished. Or it is just an optical illusion?
There might be some obstacle to really distinguish the two texts, which are indeed identical excerpts imprinted on the two flags as a matter of appropriation by the artists. He embodies and becomes himself Don Quixote through his rigorous writing. That makes the difference in the repetition.